In some, closed jurisdictions have developed very effective ways to impose and maintain persistent forms of “informational dominance” to gain the upper hand in digital penetration wars.
In some closed regimes, authoritarian leaders ensure that their preferred narrative dominates public perceptions by dominating the media, censoring and silencing independent voices, and eliminating political dissent. Coercion and judicial injunctions are created, resulting in a nationally coordinated filter bubble in which the government decides what information its citizens can and cannot see.
The most extensive and resourceful of this type of information dominance is found in China.
Cognitive warfare is an efficient tool in Russia’s contradictory hybrid environment.
For example, in early August 2016, Twitter started broadcasting news about massive protests in Turkey about Incirlik Air Base. Rashatudi and Sputnik also published a report on their Twitter for the first time that thousands of police have gathered around the airport. Such accounts were published by a group of users who were alarmed by the alleged nuclear weapons at the airbase, and in this case there are key questions as to why the official media did not cover the news and documents.
However, it turned out that it was Russian botnets and trolls that created a storm of panic over a story that was not true. Although there was a peaceful protest in Turkey, this protest was very insignificant and worthless compared to the reports of Rashatudi, Sputnik, and Twitter, and contrary to the reports, Incirlik Air Base was not attacked. The reports about Mrs. Clinton’s ill health was covered and published in a similar way in different media.
Then it was repeated by other outlets of fake news channels and other social media channels, and finally, it ended up being viewed by 90000 people on Facebook and more than 8 million views.
Mass media sources including Fox News;
Such narratives were covered by the news. When the Daily Beast denied the story the next day, the article received less public attention, with only 1,700 comments on Facebook and 30,000 people expressing their views. The Kremlin’s ability to spread fake news and attract significant contributions to legitimate sources is a well-documented testimony to its strong propaganda network.
According to the research of the New York Times and the cyber security company “Far. AI revealed that the Kremlin’s cyber operations were carried out through an automated Twitter army or related bots that posted similar messages at the same time or within seconds of each other.
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