Information Operations

Deception and gray area in classical Chinese military literature

In the history of China, the elements of combined wars have often included important components of "conflict and war" with neighbors. Ancient Chinese rulers basically used four methods to neutralize…

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Russian Disinformation This Week

This week, with the help of foreign speakers and media, kremlin propaganda tried to promote pro-russian narratives related to military aid from the West American analyst Brian Berletik claimed on…

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Categorization in Cognitive Warfare

Categorizing the audience according to beliefs: the audience can be classified based on their attitude towards a message, i.e., their agreement or opposition. The type of message should be different…

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