Within 100 km of the line of actual control in the western sector, the PLA has deployed:
➖ long-range artillery and missile systems;
➖ modernized air defense systems;
➖ extended runways and reinforced caponiers to accommodate fighter jets;
➖ created its own solar energy projects and small power plants hydel.
Four divisions of the PLA under the command of the Xinjiang military region went over to their side, facing east of Ladakh. In 2020, during the Sino-Indian confrontation, the 4th and 6th land divisions of the PLA were deployed. In 2021, rotation was carried out for the 8th and 11th divisions. In 2022, the 4th and 6th divisions were again replaced. The divisions are currently in the process of being converted into combined arms brigades.
➖ The 4th division, which has one armored regiment, has adopted a modern light tank ZTQ-15 (Type 15). The Type 15 replaced the first generation ZTZ-88 tanks in service;
➖ The 6th division is armed with Type 96A tanks. In technical terms, the fire control systems of tanks have been modernized;
➖ two mechanized brigades operating wheeled armored personnel carriers (APCs) upgraded the ZBL-08 to the new ZTL-11 APCs;
➖ The PLA upgraded artillery to improve mobility, replacing towed howitzers with truck-mounted howitzers with a range of 50 km;
➖ deployed multiple launch rocket systems PHL-3 with a range of 100 km with an improved guidance system;
➖ old air defense systems have been replaced by modern Khuntsy-17 (HQ-17). The Khuntsy-9 air defense system (HQ-9) with a firing range of 200 km is deployed on the Chip-Chap ridge.
Currently, there are over 50,000 military personnel from each of the parties – the Armed Forces of India and China – in Eastern Ladakh.