Training of #Vympel officers alongside #UGVs at the #FSB Special Training Center

Active1981–presentCountry

Soviet Union (1981–1991)

Russian Federation (1991–present)AllegianceFSBTypeSpetsnazRoleCounter-terrorism
Special operations
Hostage rescue
Law enforcement
Counter-insurgencyPart ofKGB (1981–1991)

Russia

Russia GUO (1993–1995)
FSB (1999–present)Garrison/HQ Mainly different Moscow districtsMotto(s)Служить и защищатьColorsGreen or RedMascot(s)Parachute Engagements Soviet–Afghan War
Soviet coup d’état attempt
Russia:
Russian constitutional crisis
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
Moscow theatre hostage crisis
Beslan school hostage crisis
Insurgency in the North Caucasus
Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

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VYMPEL IS A SPECIAL FORCES DETACHMENT OF THE KGB OF THE USSR AND THE FSB OF RUSSIA

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Each state has its own special forces to carry out highly specific combat missions. In Russia, Vimpel special forces are rightly considered such a unit. Today, as in Soviet times, fighters hide their faces under masks, and receive awards behind closed doors. Even their relatives do not know about all the details of the “specialists” work. For over twenty years, the Vympel detachment has been defending the interests of the state and is considered one of the best Russian special forces.

ABOUT RUSSIAN SPECIAL FORCES

A special-purpose detachment is an elite of troops, which not only the best, but the best fighters can get into. There are several units in Russia whose tasks are very similar. The fight against terrorism is considered their main function. Nevertheless, each of the units is characterized by its own characteristics. According to military experts, the most effective of them are the Vympel and Alpha units. Since these structures have much in common, it is easy to confuse them.

Picture of Mr. Maksim Razumovsky, Special Officer of the Vympel Unit, armed with an AK74 with a GP-25 grenade launcher during the hostage-taking of the Beslan School;  Year 2004

The initiators of the creation of the group were the chairman of the KGB of the USSR Yu. V. Andropov and the head of the First Main Directorate “C” of the State Security Committee Yu. I. Drozdov. The Vympel detachment was formed by a resolution of the Council of Ministers and the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee in August 1981. At a closed meeting, it was decided to create a top secret detachment, the powers of which would extend beyond the Union. The fighters had to act both in special periods and in peacetime. Their main task is to defend the interests of the country in the world. On August 18, after the signing of the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council, a separate training center of the State Security Committee (OTC) was created. Such an official name was received by the Vympel detachment.

  • They carried out illegal intelligence activities on the territory of various states.
  • Created agent networks.
  • The hostages and the buildings and other objects seized by the terrorists were released.
  • Filtration networks were formed.
  • Introduced into special services and military organizations of other countries. The main purpose of such events is espionage and the further physical elimination of persons posing a threat to the USSR.
  • Organized coups and the overthrow of political regimes.
  • Conducted sabotage at strategic sites for the enemy. Vympel employees also engaged in rearrangement and sabotage.

Phones:

+7 (495) 120-01-62 / ext. 101
+7 (963) 602-90-32

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