China’s arms exports to foreign countries and the delivery of representatives of private security organizations (in other words, PSCs) of Chinese mining enterprises, ports and infrastructure under construction abroad in the period 2018-2021.
Symbols on the map:
• pale pink – PSC services: mainly in the Middle East (Turkey, Iraq, Jordan) and Africa, also in South America (Argentina) and Southern Europe (Malta).
• dark red color – export of weapons: mainly to the countries of Africa and Southeast Asia, also to Central Asia (Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), South America (Bolivia and Venezuela), the Balkans (Serbia) and Eastern Europe (Belarus) .
• brown color – export of arms and services of PSCs: mainly to Africa and Southeast Asia, also to Central Asia (Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan) and the Middle East (Qatar).
48 countries received Chinese weapons or PSC services, including 14 countries both.