Jahromi’s presentation to Rouhani – Status of the Digital Economy and roadmap for next steps. Where Iran stands against the World. And Iran’s plans to build out their tech infrastructure. Will the Digital Economy replace the Oil Economy? (NOTE: Rapid Gisting)
The First Three Layers
Layer 1 – Core of the Digital Economy
- Information technology and other services
- Software development
- Manufacture of hardware products
Layer 2 – Limited Scope Digital Economy
- Digital Services
- Economic Platforms
Layer 3 – Extensive area of digital economy:
Digitalization of other sectors
- Algorithmic economics
- Algorithmic economics is an interdisciplinary field that combines the knowledge of economics, engineering, mathematics and computer science in order to understand and improve complex social markets and networks.
- Electronic business
- Industrial Revolution Four
- Fourth Industrial Revolution is fast-paced. At the same time, this transformation covers almost all industries. The breadth and depth of these changes promises change in all systems of production, management and control.Millions of people can connect to high-powered, high-memory mobile devices, as well as access unlimited knowledge, with practical advances in artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things, automotive vehicles, 3D printers, nanotechnology, biotechnology. Materials science, energy storage and quantum computing will be doubled.We now live in an artificial intelligence world: from driverless cars to drones, virtual assistants, and translation software. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the field of artificial intelligence. These developments are due to the increase in CPU power and the availability of large amounts of information. The technology of digital manufacturing is constantly interacting with the biological world. Engineers, designers, and architects use computational design, materials engineering, and artificial biology to create coexistence between microorganisms, our bodies, the materials we consume, and even the buildings in which we live.
- Economic sectors
Layers as defined
Future plans By the end of the year 1399 (2020)
Jahromi, stating that the infrastructure of the National Intelligence Network will be completed in June, explained: “Developing the defense infrastructure is one of the important issues for the development of the National Intelligence Network, which is why we will open a large center in Tabriz.” Meanwhile, in August, the ‘mother’ data center of the information network (Tabriz MOIS Location – APT33)
In response to the news of the cost of 19 thousand billion for the development of the national information network, the Minister of Communications and Information Technology said: “To develop the national information network, all people and organizations use its benefits today 4G, more than 100,000 billion has been spent on the private sector alone.
“Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi” in an interview with IRNA economic reporter, stating that the news about the development costs of the infrastructure of the National Information Network is a bit incorrect, said: 19 thousand billion tomans have been spent, I must say that the figure is more than this, and as it was reported in the news last week, only one private sector has spent more than 100 thousand billion tomans to develop the infrastructure of this network.
The figure mentioned in the report of the Parliamentary Research Center is the budget allocated to the government. The report of the Research Center points out that in the development of the national information network, the infrastructure sector, which was the responsibility of the Ministry of Communications, has progressed well, but not in the content and labor services sector.
The Minister of Communications added: Mehr News Agency has reported on the report prepared by the Research Center. At the same time, I should mention that the propaganda organization is one of the agencies that have duties in the field of content, the same field that the parliamentary report says has not gone well. This institution should also come and report what it has done.
He emphasized: “Their demands are respected in the infrastructure layer and we are responsible for this, but they must also be held accountable.”
Azari Jahromi emphasized: The result of the expenses incurred for the national information network is that today 4G internet is available all over the country and the core of the infrastructure network has been developed. Those who could not be formed overnight and without a budget. The result of all the expense of developing a national information network is to provide better services to the people. As we have seen during the Corona era, how much this platform has helped make people’s lives and devices easier.
Contribute to the development of content economics
“Our goal is to create five million Internet TV subscriptions by the end of this year, which will pave the way for a great economy,” he said, emphasizing that content should be more active than ever before. The number currently being generated in the content production series of the film series is a large number, and can be said to be three times that of the current economy. The content economy needs to be addressed more than ever before. Providing this platform and expanding services while meeting the needs of the people at home will eliminate many of the cultural harms that scholars, religious people and families are sensitive to today.
The content section is not the responsibility of the Ministry of Communications, but the preparation of its infrastructure is with us. The economic model that we have defined for this work is the allocation of about 80 billion tomans as an incentive plan for home Internet companies and vod services (video playback), which was unveiled last week in the presence of the president.
Completion of national network infrastructure in June
He said that the completion of the infrastructure of the National Intelligence Network will be done in June, adding that the development of the defense infrastructure is one of the important issues for the development of the National Intelligence Network, which will open a large center in Tabriz. The information network will also be launched in Tehran. The capacity to host search engines is provided according to the needs that exist.
The Minister of Communications pointed out that the presence of startup companies can solve the economic problems of the sector, adding: “In the field of stock exchange, we have two models of companies.” One of the companies in the telecom sector that does not have a particular problem in the stock market, such as companies such as the National Telecommunication Company and Hamrah Aval, is currently active in the stock market. Companies such as AsiaTek and Shuttle are also trying to enter the stock market.
The presence of Internet transportation companies in the stock market
In the field of information technology, startups such as Snap and Tepsi, which grew up and are now pioneers in this field, are interested in participating in the stock market because it determines the transparency of the valuation system and their financing. However, since there are problems in identifying the value of assets, their entry into the stock market has been delayed. Their files are ready and well supported.
He concluded: “Given the tasks of the National Information Network and the constraints we have on funding this year, companies entering the stock market can overcome existing barriers and accelerate the development of national network infrastructure and digital economy.”
The unveiling ceremony of the plan to support digital businesses and the plan to select every Iranian, an internet TV was inaugurated this morning by the President of the Republic in a virtual and online way.
Amir Nazemi, Deputy Minister of Communications and Head of the Information Technology Organization of Iran, attended the Cultural Hat Building and among the activists in the field of technology, online and video conferencing, reports on two projects to support digital business and design (selection). Every Iranian presented an Internet TV to the President.
The head of Iran’s Information Technology Organization, referring to the fourfold increase in Internet penetration since 1992, said: “With the development of infrastructure, the innovation and entrepreneurship movement has started in the country and the capacity of the traffic network has increased 30 times since 1992 and the number of applications Over the years, it has grown from 500 apps to 345,000.
“Once a business starts, it has many concerns, including providing resources and removing legal hurdles, and we strive to focus on implementing creative ideas and plans,” said the Deputy Minister of Communications in the Digital Business Support Project. In this regard, we have considered a way to allocate a set of services worth at least 50 million Tomans to 5,000 start-up companies and start-ups, and these companies can use these services depending on their needs.
The head of Iran’s Information Technology Organization added: “Cloud infrastructure is one of the most basic needs of startups, and in addition to these start-ups, they need legal advice and related software to provide data security to protect people’s privacy.” It will be the optimal allocation of government resources, and various start-ups and companies at the beginning of the path can take advantage of this market.
Responding to a question from the President about how the plan to support digital businesses will work to offset the damage caused by Corona, the Deputy Minister of Communications said: We have the facilities to provide these companies with compensation so that they can compensate for the damages caused by Corona. These facilities can include the infrastructure network, the use of advertising, the use of financial resources in the government or the use of financial and accounting software that companies can Depending on their needs, they can benefit from these support packages. This program is a public-private partnership and can be accessed on the Iran Novafarin website.
“Culture and the power of discourse is one of the basic needs of the people and today one of our main challenges in the national information network is the lack of content production,” said the Deputy Minister of Communications at the unveiling of an Iranian TV selection project.
He added: “70% of network traffic in the world belongs to video, music and audio, and this statistic in Iran is about 20%, and if there is this potential and possibility in the country, the capacity of this area is about 14 times the amount.” Increase its current.
Emphasizing the President’s support for the arts, the head of Iran’s Information Technology Organization said: “People spend about seven billion minutes a month using cultural products, and this statistic shows the importance and attention to this issue.”
Referring to the importance of producing domestic and indigenous content in the country, Nazemi said: “In 1992, the total sales of cinemas were about 42 billion tomans, while if the sale of subscriptions to Internet TVs continues, it will be about 648 billion tomans, the size of our cultural market.” The sweet experience can give the viewer the right to choose the content.
He added: “The development of video and audio systems creates economic savings and the development of infrastructure and responds to the cultural needs of the people.”
The head of Iran’s Information Technology Organization said that with the opening of the Iranian Election Selection Project, a people’s Internet TV can have three free Internet TV members for one month.
During his meeting with the First Vice President, the Minister of Communications and Information Technology presented a report on the performance of activists in this field in recent years and pointed out Corona’s impact on the Ministry of Communications and the Ministry’s activities in this field.
According to the Public Relations and Information Center of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Minister of Communications and Information Technology Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi met with Ishaq Jahangiri, First Vice President, in a report on the measures taken in this field. “We have a new concept in the country called digital economics,” he said. After the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is the era of information technology and economics due to the developments of information technology, a concept called digital economy has been formed in the country.
The share of the digital economy in 1998 reached 6.5 percent of GDP
Referring to the set goals, the Minister of Communications said: “If we want to look at the situation in Iran, the growth rate of the country was 8% per year, and in the communications and information technology sector, this growth rate was 19.4.”
He added: “In 1997, due to economic challenges, including oppressive sanctions, the country’s economic growth rate will be minus 3.7 percent, but the interesting thing is that the sector
Communications and information technology achieve 31.3% of their growth rate, which means that more than the goals of the Sixth Development Plan have been achieved.
Azari Jahromi further pointed to the growth of this field and said: the core of the country’s digital economy has increased from 2.24 in 1995 to 4% in 1998, meaning that the hardware, software and communications sector has increased by 4%, which makes up the bulk of the field. Gives. If we consider the three layers, in 1998, the share of digital economy reached 6.5% of GDP, and the number is significant.
He added: “This growth is valuable when you know that the strategy we had in the Ministry of Communications and the Regulatory Authority was to develop the market, and therefore by controlling prices and observing the cost of communications and information technology in the family basket at 2.5% of our market development indicators.” we arrived.
Launching Internet Radio and Internet Television” by Azari-Jahromi by Hassan Rouhani
The Minister of Communications noted that the number of our subscribers in 1992 was less than 10 million subscribers (4.5 million mobile broadband subscribers and 4.5 fixed broadband subscribers), while this number has reached about 70 million in 1997. Is.
Referring to the challenges facing the country and the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology over the past two and a half years, from filtering and Internet outages in November to natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and corona, he added: “Despite all these challenges, we have tried.” Use them as an opportunity.
Azari Jahromi stated: Therefore, the prices of services were controlled so that the inflation rate of our sector was less than 1%. Accordingly, the growth of our economy is not due to rising tariffs and rising prices, but to the increase in the market and the expansion of the market.
“Statistics show that we have reached the necessary maturity and growth in the core of the digital economy, and we need to look at other areas,” he said.
For 75% of people, constant communication is more economical
Referring to the share of digital economy in the total economy, the Minister of Communications stressed: “If we look at the total digital economy in the world, our share is 4%, China is 30% and in the United States it is 31.6%. This figure averages 15.5 percent in the global soft market, and this shows that we have a huge growth in the digital economy, and this is an area that needs to be considered, and digital services are one of the most important areas. It can grow significantly, which creates a lot of employment.
He said that this general view of the economic sector has been in the field of information technology, adding: “Despite all the limitations and challenges, the growth rate of our sector has been maintained with the efforts of sector activists;” Of course, it could have been more than this, but the same growth rate is significant compared to other parts of the country.
The Minister of Communications stated: “The most important thing is that our sector did not try to interfere in people’s pockets in the currency turmoil, considering that 70% of our expenses depend on the exchange rate and 100% of our income is in Rials.”
He added: “For example, the operators paid 800 billion tomans annually in the wrong competitions with each other for advertising to the radio and television. We emphasized that this cost should be managed and the right competition in providing good services to the people or using national roaming one by one.” It was one of the areas that helped reduce investment costs. These were policies to cost management so that the burden of currency turmoil would not be imposed on the people.
Azari Jahromi further pointed out the impact of Corona’s prevalence on the country’s communications sector and said: “The first part is Corona’s impact on communications, which on average the country’s mobile network traffic in the data field in February was 16.52 petabytes per day and this number It was 20.72 in March and reached 23.24 in April, and in May and until two days ago, it was 20.5. But this significant growth in traffic is stable, and currently 25 percent of the country’s mobile network remains stable.
He added: “This increase in traffic also slowed down the quality of quality.” In February, the average speed experienced by people was 10.5 Mbps. In March, this number reached 6, which indicates a significant decline in quality. But in April, it reached 7.5, and in May it was 9.5 megabits per second. According to the National Database of the National Information Network, this number should be 10 on average in the mobile phone in the country.
The Minister of Communications and Information Technology further emphasized: The second part of the fixed network traffic is that the fixed network traffic in Iran Telecommunications and FCPs was 8.26 PBT per day in March to 11.28, in April 13.6 and in In May, this number reached 11.42.
Referring to the increase in the use of the home network, he added: “According to the polls we had from the people, 75% of the people stated that fixed communications are more economical for them.”
The average home internet speed of 6.1 in February reached 5.3 megabits per second in March
Azari Jahromi, emphasizing that the speed challenges on the home Internet have been less, said: The average speed of the home Internet 6.1 in February reached 5.3 megabits per second in March and in April 5.4 and in April this number reached 5.8.
Referring to the consumption of the country’s international network following the outbreak of Corona, he added: “The consumption of the international network increased from 2.6 terabits per second in March to 3.2 terabytes in March, to 3.4 in April and to 3.1 tenths in May.” decreased.
The Minister of Communications further referred to the internal traffic during the Corona days and said: “Our internal traffic in February was 880 Gbps, in March it reached 920 and in April it reached 2200 Gigabits per second, which has grown significantly.” And it shows the people’s willingness to use internal content, which is currently set at 1,800.
The Minister of Communications further referred to the situation of the postal network during the Corona era and said: “One million postal packages were transferred in the postal network in April 1998, while this figure reached 3 million packages in February 1998 and in March 1998 compared to March 1998.” We experienced 97, 48 percent growth, and in April 1999 we had 130 percent growth compared to the same period, and in May we had 68 percent growth in the movement of postal packages.
He pointed to a general view of Corona’s effects on the country’s communication network and added: “The use of the country’s communication network has doubled and the income of companies in this field has grown by 40% and the quality of services has decreased significantly at the beginning of Corona’s era.” The quality situation became relatively normal.
Azari Jahromi emphasized: The targets that we were supposed to reach in June 1400, we achieved these indicators in April 1999 and we had almost a 15-month jump in this sector.
He pointed to the measures taken in this area and added: “Two thousand gigabytes were added to the network’s capacity in one week, and Iran’s telecommunications increased its capacity by 40 percent within the provincial metro network and mobile operators by 40 percent.”
Iran: Amir Nazemi, Deputy Minister of Communications and Head of the Information Technology Organization of Iran in the online event of World Telecommunication Day in a specialized panel using social media in public relations to better respond to public opinion with Dr. Afkhami Professor of Communication Sciences and Shahram Sharif, journalist and secretary of the digital group of Dunya-e-Eqtesad newspaper, said: “Due to the increasing spread of social networks and their use in different layers of society, the question arises what role social networks play in reducing or increasing social capital.” ?
Emphasizing that social media is a tool of social activity and connection, and the function of information is the next step, Professor Afkhami said: “Social networks, relying on rich culture, cause more usefulness and impact in society.”
He added: “Due to the high access of virtual networks among the people of the society and the production of content, the expected behavior and action in the society is not done and we do not see a high participatory function in virtual networks. It’s social media.
Referring to the functions of cyberspace, Afkhami said: “Any attack on cyberspace will cost a lot of money and censorship in this space will no longer make sense.”
Shahram Sharif, a journalist and secretary of the digital group of Dunya-e-Eqtesad newspaper, referring to the function of social networks in strengthening social capital, said: “Social networks all over the world have strengthened social capital, but at the same time have revealed the weaknesses and shortcomings in society.” And explicitness is one of the important advantages and functions of virtual networks.
The head of Iran’s Information Technology Organization said that the voluntary presence of startups in critical periods of society is the result of the social responsibility of startups and said: Iran’s economic ecosystem and society’s preference for personal gain.
In a report on May 16 this year, the Majles Research Center examined the development situation of the National Information and Activities Network of the Ministry of Communications. In its report, the center said that e-government and the national information network are examples of two related and very large national megaprojects in the country, which have cost them a lot in recent years. It was 19 thousand billion tomans.
This report is not approved by the Ministry of Communications. Mohammad Javad Azari-Jahromi considers the estimate of the cost of this report to be a bit incorrect. The Minister of Communications told IRNA:
I must say that the figure is higher than this, and as it was reported in the news last week, the private sector alone has spent more than 100,000 billion tomans to develop the network’s infrastructure.
In a part of its report, the Parliamentary Research Center criticized the performance of the Ministry of Communications in the development of the National Information Network, stating the cost of several thousand billion:
The National Information Network has been approved by the Supreme Council of Cyberspace in three layers of infrastructure development, services and content , and the implementation dimensions of this network include the actions and programs that the government has for all three layers. However, studies show that so far only one document has been approved by the Supreme Council of Cyberspace (explaining the requirements of the National Information Network), which includes the infrastructure dimension and is the responsibility of the Ministry of ICT, and its other dimensions are incomplete. Considering the important role of this network in the development of digital economy, it is considered necessary to review the policies attached to the technology and formulate the requirements and executive policies in the three layers of infrastructure, services and necessary content.
Reacting to the criticism, Azari Jahromi said that the parliament’s demand in the field of infrastructure is respectable for this ministry; But this institution must also be held accountable for its actions in this area. Defending the performance of his ministry, the Minister of Communications said in the context of the expansion of the national information network:
The result of the cost to the National Intelligence Network is that 4G Internet is available across the country today, and the core of the infrastructure network has been developed. Those who could not be formed overnight and without a budget. The result of all the expense of developing a national information network is to provide better services to the people. As we have seen during the Corona era, how much this platform has helped make people’s lives and devices easier.
The Parliamentary Research Center has declared the completion and operation of the project a security issue. The center said in part:
This network is important as the communication infrastructure of the country’s cyberspace, due to the protection of Iranian culture and the protection of users’ information against security and privacy threats. For example, in the National Information Network, the protection of certain data that needs to be transferred between different government agencies, such as identity cards, must be formed outside the Internet, and this outside the Internet helps to provide the highest quality of service to citizens. Because the risk of looting and access to the personal information of citizens and violating their privacy is eliminated, and it is always possible to transfer this data.
The Ministry of Communications recently announced plans to hand over one million Internet TV subscriptions . With the transfer of this number of subscriptions, the number of Internet TV subscribers in the country will reach the limit of five million subscriptions. Azari-Jahromi, a pioneer, said that the digital economy was to replace the oil economy in Iran, and that the transfer of this number of Internet TV subscriptions was a step towards creating a large economic platform. He said:
The content economy needs to be addressed more than ever before. Providing this platform and expanding services while meeting the needs of the people at home will alleviate many of the cultural harms that scholars, religious people and families are sensitive to today.
Azari-Jahromi also promised that the infrastructure of the national information network would be completed this year. According to the Parliamentary Research Center, 80% of the project has been completed by June 1 this year. He adds:
The development of defense infrastructure is one of the most important issues for the development of the national information network, and on this occasion, we will open a large center in Tabriz. Meanwhile, in August, the mother data center of the information network will be launched in Tehran. The necessary capacity to host search engines is provided to them according to the existing needs.At present, we are facing significant investments in the country, and a large part of the government has invested. Generation 3 and 4 communication services are available in all cities of the country, and about 83% of villages with more than 20 households have access to the Internet. We also have more than 70 million Internet users in the country, and this statistic is unique among the countries in the region.
At the end of its report, the Parliamentary Research Center said it was waiting to see if the national projects the government had promised to launch on the National Intelligence Network, like other similar projects such as smart fuel cards , would fail in the face of emerging technologies. The Minister of Communications emphasizes the state of budget allocation in this area and considers the entry of companies into the stock exchange as a solution to this problem.