The Gerasimov Doctrine is in use in the United States and will come to another crescendo in the near future as our 2018 elections come to bear. Learn how to identify some of the methods when they occur. #education #cyber #training #intelligence #intel #analysis#collection #elections #analysts #doctrine #intelligencecollection#intelligenceanalysis #gerasimov #putin #russia #olgino
How to help identify propaganda coming from any source. Gerasimov Doctrine in action in the United States.
Where does the speaker or group get their funding? What is their background?
Who are their main supporters?
Does the content have a strong emotional aspect?
Do they provide or describe ominous, stirring, or patriotic images or music?
Do they associate a group, person, event, or idea with something hated or feared?
Do they use slogans of any type that have been heard before and repeated?
Do they use virtue words (e.g. peace, happiness, security, wise leadership, freedom, liberty)?
Is their reasoning poor?
· Illogical or non-intuitive relationships between concepts
· Sweeping conclusions from mere anecdotal evidence
· Issues framed to favor one point of view while deflecting and pivoting
· Irrelevant or questionable data
· Vague, undefined terms and concepts
Do you see evidence of false or missing information (telling only half of the story)?
Is there oversimplification?
· Simple answers to complex social and political questions
· Blame assigned to an individual or group (scapegoating) without evidence
· Misleading stereotypes or labels
· Blanket statements
Is the aim of the article to persuade?
· Cites or associates prominent figures to a position, idea, argument, or action
· Repeats ideas until they are accepted as truth
· Presents ideas as the view of the majority (so get on the bandwagon – wake up)
· Implies that opposition (to the author’s premise) would be unpatriotic, undemocratic, or inhumane
Does it align information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda? Are facts presented selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented. Are the contents associated with material prepared by adversarial governments while ignoring the issues associated with those they support?
Influence operations are focused on affecting the feelings and behaviors of leaders, groups, or entire populations. Influence operations employ capabilities to affect behaviors, protect programs that support their intent, and project false information interspersed with some accurate data to achieve desired effects across the cognitive domain. Influence operations are the coordinated, integrated, and synchronized application of national diplomatic, informational, military, economic, and other capabilities in peacetime, crisis, conflict, and post-conflict to foster attitudes, behaviors, or decisions by US citizens driven by foreign entities bent on creating chaos.
Biases are systematic errors in judgment that human beings consistently make, and our adversaries continue to use against the US populace. Here are 10 that help explain why we will never stop falling for their propaganda and methods to ensure chaos in our society:
1. Bias blind spot — the tendency not to compensate for one’s own cognitive biases. (This is why nobody thinks they’re biased)
2. Third-person effect- Belief that mass communicated media messages have a greater effect on others than on themselves. (This is why propaganda is so effective. It does not affect me!)
3. Authority bias — The tendency to attribute greater accuracy to the opinion of an authority figure (unrelated to its content) and be more influenced by that opinion. (This is why some of Trump’s supporters believe everything he says no matter what)
4. Declinism – The belief that a society or institution is tending towards decline. Particularly, it is the predisposition to view the past favorably and future negatively. (This is why ‘Make America Great Again’ was such an effective message)
5. Confirmation bias — the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one’s preconceptions. (This is why people click on fake news they want to be true)
6. Bandwagon effect — The tendency to believe things because many other people believe the same. (This is why people believe fake news shared by their friends)
7. Availability cascade — A self-reinforcing process in which a collective belief gains more and more plausibility through its increasing repetition in public discourse. (This is why fake news become true the more it is shared)
8. Continued influence effect — The tendency to believe previously learned misinformation even after it has been corrected. (This is why Hillary’s ‘formal accusation’ had such a big effect even after Comey dropped charges)
9. Hostile media effect — the tendency to perceive news coverage as biased against your position on an issue. (This is why millions of voters don’t trust the mainstream media)
10. Backfire effect — The urge to do the opposite of what someone wants you to do out of a need to resist a perceived attempt to constrain your freedom of choice. (This is why the media ganging up on Trump completely backfired)
What to learn more?